Professor Alastair Couper is former Head of the Department of Maritime Studies and International Transport at the University of Cardiff, Wales, UK, and former Director of the Seafarers International Research Centre in that Department, a world-leading maritime studies centre. He has several years’ shipping experience and has worked as a consultant for UN agencies, including the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).