Donghae Port to undergo upgrades

South Korea’s Donghae Port will undergo upgrades soon, after port authorities selected a contractor in May.
Located in the country’s Gangwon province, Donghae is in the central region of South Korea’s east coast.
Donghae Regional Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Office said the upgrades would be
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Kobe’s February cargo volume soars

Cargo traffic in Japan’s Kobe port surged 17.5% in February from a year earlier to 8.229 million tonnes, according to figures released by the Kobe municipal government on 27 May.
Of the 8.229 million tonnes, 4.530 million tonnes came from foreign trade, up 16% from a year earlier, and the remaining
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Modi Heads to Bangladesh with China on his Mind

By Reuters 2015-05-27 18:48:27

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will take border settlement and water sharing deals to Bangladesh next month as part of his drive to erode Chinese influence in South Asia, although Dhaka is likely to remain dependent on Beijing for military equipment.

India, which has had an uneasy relationship with China for decades, has long fretted over Beijing’s military cooperation with its South Asian neighbors, especially Pakistan.

It is also worried China is creating a so-called “string of pearls” across the Indian Ocean by funding port developments in Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Bangladesh.

Modi has won parliamentary approval for an agreement that will transfer a small amount of territory to Bangladesh that previous Indian governments failed to ratify for fear of a domestic backlash. The issue dates back to British India’s partition in 1947.

The prime minister has also persuaded a regional Indian leader to drop her opposition to share water equally from a key river that flows through India before reaching Bangladesh.

“There have been some contentious issues like the land border agreement which, frankly, we should have done years ago,” said an Indian official involved in Modi’s June 6-7 visit.

The migration of tens of thousands of people from Bangladesh into India has long been a sensitive issue in India, with Modi’s Hindu nationalist party making it a key campaign plank.

But since coming to power, Modi has fallen silent on the migration issue and has instead focused on securing India’s strategic objectives in Bangladesh.

Srikanth Kondapalli, a China expert at New Delhi’s Jawaharlal Nehru University, said China had built close ties with Bangladesh as part of its South Asia diplomacy and that this was a concern for India.

“The number of PLA visits to Bangladesh is nearly the same as to India,” he said, referring to China’s People’s Liberation Army. “Modi is trying to counter it with his neighborhood outreach.”

CHINESE PLANES, MISSILES AND SUBS

Modi has reached out to all of India’s neighbors since he took office a year ago except Pakistan.

But any Indian concerns about Bangladesh’s growing military ties to China, including the planned sale of two Chinese diesel-electric submarines, are likely to fall on deaf ears in Dhaka, said a former Bangladeshi military officer and an Indian expert.

China was the source of 82 percent of Bangladesh’s arms purchases from 2009-2013, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), making Dhaka one of the top three buyers of Chinese weapons in the world.

SIPRI data showed Bangladesh bought anti-ship missiles, tanks, fighter aircraft and other arms from China between 2008 and 2012. Last year it commissioned two new frigates from China.

“China became the largest supplier of military hardware to Bangladesh when relations with India were strained,” said retired Bangladeshi brigadier general Shahedul Anam Khan.

A government official in Dhaka said Bangladesh’s first submarines, costing $206 million in total, could be delivered before 2019. China was expected to provide training, said Chinese experts on the country’s ties with South Asia.

What worries Indian military planners is that China might see Bangladesh, which shares the Bay of Bengal with India and Myanmar, as an ideal place for its warships and submarines to dock.

India was alarmed last year when Chinese submarines did the same in Sri Lanka. A new government in Colombo has since ruled out submarine visits in the near future.

China’s Defence Ministry’s had no immediate comment on military ties with Bangladesh. Cooperation between the two countries was normal, China’s Foreign Ministry said.

Bangladesh has never hosted a naval ship from China and has no plans to, according to a government official.

PORT ASSISTANCE

China is helping Bangladesh upgrade its main Chittagong port while the China Harbour Engineering Company has been seen as the frontrunner to win a contract to build an $8 billion deep water port on Sonadia Island off the Bangladeshi city of Cox’s Bazaar in the Bay of Bengal.

India’s Adani Group is also bidding for the project.

The Bangladeshi government official said it was unclear when a decision on Sonadia would be made, adding that port operators from the United Arab Emirates and the Netherlands were also interested.

“China, in my opinion, is the best option,” said Munshi Faiz Ahmad, a former Bangladesh ambassador to China, adding that Chinese firms had built big infrastructure projects in a number of countries including Bangladesh, where they have constructed power plants, bridges and roads.

The Indian navy is watching China’s growing military ties with Bangladesh closely.

It’s setting up missile batteries and radar surveillance on Sagar Island, near the Indian-Bangladesh border, with plans to develop a deep sea port there that would provide easy access to the Bay of Bengal, military officials said.

“The worry is not Bangladesh’s military capabilities,” said former Indian ambassador to Dhaka, Pinaki Chakravarty. “It is about Chinese influence next door.”

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Shen Neng 1 Owners Headed for Court

By Wendy Laursen 2015-05-27 18:34:02

On April 3, 2010, the Chinese-registered bulk carrier Shen Neng 1 caused the largest known direct impact on a coral reef by a ship grounding.

When the ship ran aground at Douglas Shoal, north-east of Gladstone, Australia, it damaged an area covering 0.4 square kilometers (0.15 square miles). Of this, the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA) estimates 115,000 square meters (0.04 square miles) of the shoal were severely damaged or destroyed.

The vessel also left toxic anti-fouling paint on the reef and on substantial areas of loose coral rubble created by the grounding. The ship’s hull was seriously damaged by the grounding, with the engine room and six water ballast and fuel oil tanks being breached, resulting in a small amount of pollution into the water column as well.

Despite ongoing attempts to have the ship’s owner pay for damages, Australia has been unsuccessful in securing funds from the shipowner Shenzhen Energy Transportation or its insurer to clean-up and remediate the site.

The Australian government has therefore decided to take legal action in Federal Court. The proceeding has been listed for trial for 15 days commencing in April 2016 in Brisbane.

Australia is seeking damages from the shipowner for the cost of remediation of the shoal or, as an alternative, orders requiring remediation of the shoal by the shipowner.

GBRMPA has voiced its great disappointment over the need to involve court action, particularly given the nature and scale of the incident, and the authority remains concerned about the long-term health of the shoal.

GBRMPA’s first priority in remediating the shoal would be to attempt to remove the remaining anti-fouling paint and residue. This would allow some natural recovery processes to begin.

In the meantime, the government remains committed to making every attempt to obtain a negotiated outcome with the shipowner for the clean-up and remediation of the shoal, said GBRMPA in a statement.

Investigation Findings

The Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB) investigation found that the grounding of Shen Neng 1 occurred because the chief mate did not alter the ship’s course at the designated course alteration position. His monitoring of the ship’s position was ineffective and his actions were affected by fatigue.

The ATSB identified four safety issues during the investigation:

• there was no effective fatigue management system in place to ensure that the bridge watchkeepers were fit to stand a navigational watch after they had supervised the loading of a cargo of coal in Gladstone;

• there was insufficient guidance in relation to the proper use of passage plans, including electronic route plans, in the ship’s safety management system;

• there were no visual cues to warn either the chief mate or the seaman on lookout duty, as to the underwater dangers directly ahead of the ship; and

• at the time of the grounding, the protections afforded by the requirement for compulsory pilotage and active monitoring of ships by REEFVTS, were not in place in the sea area off Gladstone.

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