Indonesian Migrant Boat Death Toll Rises

By Reuters 2015-09-07 04:46:55

Sixty-one bodies have been recovered from an overloaded wooden boat which sank off Malaysia carrying dozens of Indonesian illegal immigrants, maritime officials said on Monday.

The dead were mostly men, with one toddler on board, the maritime agency’s search and rescue director, Robert Teh, said. Only 20 people are believed to have survived Thursday’s disaster.

“If no more bodies are found today, we may call off the search and rescue operations tomorrow,” Teh said.

The boat is believed to have overturned due to overloading and bad weather as immigrants were making the journey home for the Eid al-Adha holiday, officials told reporters on Thursday.

One of the victims, Asminah, was making her first trip home in three years. Her eldest son, Yan Iqbar, told Reuters that only he had been told of her visit.

“She wanted to give the family a surprise,” he said.

Most of Malaysia’s estimated six million legal and illegal migrant workers are from Indonesia, working on construction sites, plantations, in factories and in domestic service.

Southeast Asia had a huge migrant crisis in May after boats carrying thousands of people from Myanmar and Bangladesh were left at sea following a Thai crackdown on people-smuggling gangs.

Last week’s tragedy occurred at a time when Europe is facing its biggest refugee crisis with thousands of Middle Eastern refugees making their way by boat across the Mediterranean.

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Meeting Future Environmental Challenges for Shipping, Navies

By MarEx 2015-09-06 20:41:30

By the year 2030, twice as many offshore structures will exist than today, including 100 times more wind turbines. Within the next 15 years, 50 percent of the world’s oil will be produced offshore and 50 percent of the global population will live in coastal regions.

Therefore, a greater understanding and appreciation of oceans is essential for the wellbeing of the world’s population, according to the Global Marine Technology Trends 2030 (GMTT 2030) report launched September 7.

The report is the culmination of a collaborative project between Lloyd’s Register, Qinetiq and the University of Southampton looking at the future for: commercial shipping, navies and the health of the oceans – addressing the challenges of pollution, climate change and exploitation of resources.

Leading the ‘Ocean Space’ section of GMTT 2030, experts from the University’s Southampton Marine and Maritime Institute (SMMI) report that since the start of the Industrial Revolution, there has been a 30 per cent increase in ocean acidity and that 25 percent of atmospheric CO2 is absorbed by the oceans. In addition, some 16 percent of global protein intake comes from fish with an increasing amount of the world’s medicines, materials and energy also derived from the oceans.

To develop opportunities for the future, the experts have identified a number of key transformational ocean space technologies that will make the biggest impact now and in the future. These include:

• Advanced materials – a rise in the use of ultra-strong materials for ocean structures using embedded sensors to enable remote sensing and support the ability of materials and structure systems to self-repair when damage occurs;

• Big data analytics – extracting and using complex data from activities such as resource extraction, exploration and environmental protection to influence the way humankind perceives and interacts with the oceans;

• Sustainable energy generation – offshore energy-generation platforms and algae stations will reduce the consumption of fossil fuels, mitigate pollution and have a minimal carbon footprint, so their impact on the environment will be relatively small.

The combined use of these technologies, say experts from the SMMI, will help the world address the effects of climate change, the higher expected frequency and severity of extreme weather, the further reduction of land-based resources and the increasing coastal populations.

Professor Ajit Shenoi, Director of the SMMI, said: “We believe that working together, these technologies can be used to protect the ocean environment from excess exploitation and misuse as we gain a deeper understanding of the impact of human activity on the geology, meteorology and ecology of the ocean space. We can also better protect people living in coastal areas form extreme natural forces such as hurricanes and tsunamis.

“Given the depletion of land-based resources, people will increasingly look to the ocean for food, materials, energy and medicines. In fact, the potential of the ocean to provide these resources is already being realized. It will become necessary to deploy advanced and sustainable technologies to harvest these valuable ocean resources.”

Professor Don Nutbeam, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Southampton, said: “This interesting and thought-provoking report provides potential answers to some of the most-pressing global challenges facing society. At Southampton, our world-leading research and education will undoubtedly play a crucial role in developing the emerging technologies required in our future marine world.”

The report is available here.

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Korean Fishing Boat Capsizes, 10 Confirmed Dead

By MarEx 2015-09-06 16:43:03

At least 10 people died and about eight were missing after a South Korean fishing boat capsized on Sunday.

The 9.8 ton boat, Dolphin, was found capsized after it lost radio contact late on Saturday, a coast guard official in the southern island of Jeju said by telephone.

The bodies of 10 people were recovered in the waters near the island of Chuja, which lies between the mainland south coast and Jeju.

Three people were pulled from the water and airlifted to hospitals, the coast guard official said, adding they were expected to survive.

The survivors clung to the boat for over 10 hours. “There were six people without life jackets including the captain hanging onto the capsized boat,” one of the survivors said in an interview with Yonhap. “One by one, those who lost strength slipped away.”

Another survivor was quoted as saying that around five others failed to escape the boat when it turned over. However, the coast guard official said no one was found trapped in the boat during their search for more survivors.

Around 21 people are expected to have been on the boat, a spokesman from the Korea Coast Guard said during a briefing.

More than 40 coast guard, navy and civilian ships have helped to search for survivors.

Most of those on board were on a fishing expedition to Chuja, a popular fishing area. Some of them were from an online fishing club based in Busan.

President Park Geun-hye has called on the rescue and recovery services to do their utmost in the search for the missing, her office said in a statement.

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